ESI Registration

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ESI Registration Services for the Modern Entrepreneur

The employee state insurance (ESI) is managed and regulated by the Employee State Insurance Corporation which is an autonomous body under the Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India. The ESI scheme was started for the Indian Employees that provided monetary, medical, and other benefits from the employer to the employee.

Currently any factor or employment or any establishment that has employed over 10 employees with a minimum salary of Rs. 21,000 has to mandatorily register itself with the ESIC





To be eligible for ESI registration is to have more than 10 workers. In some regions, ESI registration is possible for establishments only if there are more than 20 employees. Here are some other criteria that need to be satisfied for obtaining ESI registration.

  • An employee whose gross salary is up to Rs. 21,000 per month can avail of this with the help of the employer.
  • The establishment is registered with the EPFO.
  • The total contribution to ESI is 6.5% of the gross salary and it can be further divided as:
    • 4.75% by the employer
    • 1.75% of the employee
  • For industrial units where there are chances of occurrence of injury or health issues all the employees with a salary less than Rs.21,000 compulsorily need to get ESI registration.
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Documents required for obtaining ESI registration

For obtaining ESI registration in India here is the list of documents that is to be submitted by the employer along with the application:

  • Registration Certificate of the Shops and Establishment Acts.
  • Factories Act
  • Address proof of Principal place of business
  • Copy of PAN Card
  • Bank statement (Latest)
  • Memorandum and Articles of Association or the partnership deed or trust deed depending on the nature of the entity.
  • Certificate of Commencement registration no

The monthly pay sheet is also required for computing the contribution amount for each employee for ESI filings.

Benefits of ESI registration in India

ESI registration allows the employees to enjoy a lot of benefits under the Employees State Insurance corporation scheme.

Definition of Factory under ESI Act

A Factory is any premise where ten or more than ten persons are employed or were employed for wages on any day of the preceding twelve months, and, in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried with or without the aid of power. In case within the same premises of a factory, several departments are situated and the departments are engaged in the work in connection with or incidental to a manufacturing process of the factory, they would fall apart from the factory.

This definition of a factory under the ESI includes a seasonal factory that is working for a period of not exceeding seven months in a year and is engaged during that period in any process related to blending, packing, or repacking of tea or coffee or other manufacturing processes that are process notified by the central government.

Mines are not included in this definition under the definition, subject to the operation of Mines Act,2952 or a railway running shed.

Hence, if the number of persons working in the factory premises is ten or more the premise is factory irrespective of the consideration of whether they are paid wages or not. Also, all people working in the factory need not be employed in the manufacturing process.

Definition of Establishment under ESI Act


Under the ESI Act, an establishment is an organized body of men or women or an institution, It is not necessary for an establishment confined to a particular premise or place. If an establishment employs 20 or more persons, it will be required to obtain ESI registration in India. Hence, the establishments employing less than 20 employees who are drawing less than Rs.21,000 a month as a wage should not get ESI registration.

Shops must also be registered under the ESI Act. The supreme court has defined a shop as any premises where economic activities leading to sale or purchase are carried on. Thus, the essential ingredient for determining a shop is that services are rendered to the customer. So service providers like advertisement agencies, liaison offices, consultancy services, real estate services will need to get ESI registration in India.

In this educational institution, hospitals, dispensaries, offices of auditors and solicitors, chartered accountants, and private commercial hospitals are excluded.



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